Bern is the capital of Switzerland and of
Bern canton and lies in the west of the country on the River Aare. It is the
second most populous and second largest canton of the country. It comprises
of three sections firstly, the Bernese Alps or Oberland with many resorts
and peaks, secondly the Finsteraarhorn and Jungfrau with meadows and
pastures in the valleys and finally the Mittelland [midlands] which lies in
the fertile northern foothills of the Alps.
German, French, Italian & Romansch
The temperature depends primarily on the elevation, the
zero line (0°C or 32°F) may raise as high as 4000 meters above sea
level (13125 feet).
Fall is usually dry, but cool. The temperature drops significantly in
September or October, with the zero line around 2000 meter above sea level
Winter is supposed to be cold and dry. The temperature may drop below 0°C
everywhere in Switzerland, especially at night. In the alps, there is
usually a lot of snow.
Official Currency :
Euro; 1 Euro = 52.443 Indian Rupee = 1.2047 US $
= 0.678141 GBP (subject to change)
Bern lies in the midlands of the Canton of Bern, somewhat
to the west of the center of Switzerland. The landscape around Bern was
formed by glaciers in the last ice age. The two mountains closest to Bern
are the Gurten with a height of 858 meters and the Bantiger with a height of
Bern Belp Airport lies to the southeast of the city. It is at a 20 min
to 30 min distance from the main city of Bern. Bus services are available to
Bern station so one can easily travel from the airport to the railway
station. The two nearest airports are the Zurich and the Geneva airports and
passengers can take a flight to Bern from here.
Both intercity and intercontinental trains are available
which offer efficient services to the travellers.
Bern, being an important motorway intersection point, has
direct connections with the European E4 network. Connection routes
southwards include the car trains through the Loetschberg and the Great St.
Bernhard and Gotthard road tunnels.
Local trains, buses and trams are the best ways to move around the city.
But walking is the best way to move around in the city.
Bern has many hotels to provide a comfortable and cheerful vacations or
stay for the tourists in the city. Here is a list of few of the hotels:
5 star hotels in the city:
Hotel Bellevue Palace
4 star hotels in the city:
3 star hotels in the city:
Sorell hotel Ador
Sorell hotel Arabelle
Kreuz Swiss Q hotel
Major Tourist Atractions
Old Town :
Berns beautiful old town confines six kilometres of
covered arcades and eleven historic fountains. The Zeitglockenturm, a clock
tower dating from 1530 is very impressive and worth seeing. Revolving
figures herald the chiming hour.
The Bear Pits (Barengraben) :
The brown bear has been linked with
Bern for more than 500 years and it is the lucky piece and symbol of the
city. Cross the Aare River and visit the citys ancient bear pits or
Museum of Fine Arts :
Berns Museum of Fine Arts on
Hodlerstrasse 8-12 houses the worlds largest collection of work by
Paul Klee, a total of more than 2000 works. The museum also displays early
Renaissance masterpieces as well as works of modern genius by Cezanne,
Matisse and Picasso.
Bern Cathedral :
Berns 15th century Gothic cathedral has the
highest spire in Switzerland. Its tower provides fine views of the city and
the Bernese Alps.
Bern Historical Museum :
The Bernisches Historisches Museum on
Helvetiaplatz houses Habsburg Church and treasures and tapestries captured
from the Burgundian troops of Charles the Bold.
Gurten hilltop provides spectacular views of the city and
the surrounding Alps.
Einstein House :
One can visit the Einstein House on Kramgasse 47
where the physicist developed his special theory of relativity in 1905 while
working as a clerk in the patents office.
Other Attractions :
Shopping : Visit the open-air vegetable, fruit and flower
market held every Tuesday and Saturday in Bundesplatz. There is also a craft
market held on the first Saturday of the month in front of the cathedral.
The Swiss Craft Centre on Kramgasse 61 has beautiful handmade wood-carvings,
jewellery and Bernese pottery for sale. Toblerone chocolate is made in Bern,
so try to buy some while you are here.
Bern Symphony Orchestra : Bern has an excellent symphony
orchestra and is a great source of entertainment for people with love for
The Swiss Alpine Museum : The Swiss Alpine Museum on
Helvetiaplatz 4 outlines the history of Alpine mountaineering and
cartography and is proud of an exciting collection of relief maps.