Germany (Deutschland in German) is a
country located in Central Europe and is the founding member of the European
Union. The country is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by
Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and
to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Germany has travelled a great distance from being an ancient beauty of the
Black Forest and Neuschwanstein castle to becoming the hub of fashion
industry of Berlin and Frankfurt and has also evolved from being the
medieval beauty of Heidelberg to the wild excitement of Munichs
Oktoberfest. Today it is one of the most developed countries in the world
with finest places to lure the hearts of the tourists. One must come here
and witness the eternal beauty of places like Fussen, Harz Mountains,
Leipzig, North Frisian Islands and Tubingen.
Official name :
Federal Republic of Germany
Capital city :
Ethnic groups :
Predominantly Caucasian, with a significant Turkish
minority. Germany has also absorbed many refugees from the former
Euro; 1 Euro = 52.443 Indian Rupee = 1.2047 US $(subject
34% Protestant, 34% Catholic, 4% Muslim, 28% unaffiliated
or other. There are about 74,000 Jews (the pre-Holocaust figure was over
half a million).
357,021 sq km
Famous for :
Thinkers, writers, artists and above all for their
world class car engineering. Germany is also famous for Einstein, Marx,
Beethoven, Goethe, Adolf Hilter.
Major cities :
Zurich, Munich, Heidelberg, Freiberg
Summers : cotton; winters : heavy woolens
Major events :
The Winter Carnival (Fasching) season occurs
throughout Germany, the Thuringian Bach Festival in March or the Richard
Wagner Festival in Bayreuth each July. The jazz festivals in Stuttgart
(April) and Berlin (November) are lively and popular. Oktoberfest, Christmas
Things to Buy :
Chocolates, ornaments, wood carvings.
Things to do :
Non Veg : meat (pork, beef, poultry, chicken, turkey...),
fish (trout, perch, herring, sardine, tuna, salmon)
Vegetables(carrots, turnips, spinach, peas,
potatoes) are eaten as stews or soup.
Noodles, Italian pasta, spatzle.
Beer, wine, coffee, tea Desserts : cakes, pies,
cheesecake, doughnuts, icecreams.
EU citizens can enter on an official identity card. Americans, Australians,
Canadians, New Zealanders and Japanese just need a valid passport (no visa).
Citizen of a developed country can stay up to three months.
German life is a mix of generations-old traditions and dynamic cultural
The German culture is reflected in the rich artistic heritage from the
breathtaking beauty of its cathedrals to classical films from the silent era
of cinema, from the great philosophers (Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche and Marx ) to
some of the world's legendary physicists (Einstein and Planck), from the gem
of classical composers (Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Handel and Wagner) to
contemporary industrial-grunge music and Krautrock, from the genius of
Goethe to the revolutionary theatre of Brecht.
Germans start the day with a huge breakfast of rolls, jam, cheese, cold
meats, hard-boiled egg, and coffee or tea. Lunch is the main meal of the
day. Dinner is lighter but can still mean a plate full of sausages and
When to go
Germany is a fine destination year-round, but the most desirable time to
visit is between May and September. The other period could be between early
november and march.
Germany has a mild weather, with hot summers and cold winters, although
long periods of freeze or snow are very rare. It rains during the year,
specially in July. It can get to be very cold in winter, and the lakes and
channels of the country usually freeze. The average temperatures are 2°C
in winter and 24°C in summer.
By Air :
Frankfurt International Airport is the main entry point for
transcontinental flights where Düsseldorf and Munich are considerably
important. The other main airports in the country are Hamburg, Cologne/Bonn
and Stuttgart, and smaller ones are in cities as Bremen, Dresden, Erfurt,
Hanover, Leipzig, Münster-Osnabrück and Nuremberg.
Ryan Air is the new budget airline in the country which provides reasonable
services to the passengers. The biggest of these is Frankfurt-Hahn, which is
actually near the Moselle River, about 110km (68mi) northwest of Frankfurt
By Train :
Long-distance trains connecting major German cities with
those in other countries are called EuroCity (EC) trains.
By Road :
There are several budget bus companies who provide
services to Germany from the rest of Europe and the UK. Prices are
reasonable and the buses are comfortable;
One can travel to Germany with a car or a motorcycle but a valid driving
licence, car registration certificate and proof of insurance are required.
Foreign cars must display a nationality sticker unless they have official
Euro-Plates (number plates that include their country's Euro symbol). The
main gateways to southern Germany are Munich, Freiburg and Passau.
High-speed Eurotunnel shuttle trains are also available which provide
The major air carriers in Germany are, LTU and Deutsche BA (a
subsidiary of British Airways). Lufthansa also offers train service from
Koln to the Frankfurt airport that is available only to persons holding air
tickets. German Rail operates a similar service called "Rail and Fly."
By Train :
Deutsche Bahn or German Rail (German Rail and Train
Information) offer excellent services throughout Germany. German Railpass is
a good way to ensure a comfortable journey within the country. Germany is
also one of 17 countries in which you can use Eurailpass (Eurail Passes).
By Road :
Germany has good intercity and local bus service, a large
number of which are operated by the railways (Bahnbus, and are merged with
rail services making it very easy to make connections. Besides the bus one
even go for the taxis or rental cars.
Berlin (the capital city) :
Berlin is the capital and the biggest
city of Germany and is located on the rivers of Spree and Havel. It has a
population of about 3.5 million and extends over 889 square kilometers.
Berlin is a geat destination for historical monuments, great night life,
splendid architecture and unique culture. It has been fifteen years since
the Wall fell but Berlin can still feels like two cities. The city is one of
the greenest cities in Europe. Today it is a major cultural centre combining
top-flight museums, galleries and concert.
The Grune- wald (Green Wood) :
is an enormous park to the southwest
of the city, propping it up like the neck stem of the country's brain. The
Green Party is in the ruling coalition, protecting the proud statistic that
Berlin has more trees than shops, if not yet more bicycles than cars.
Rhine Valley :
Beautiful landscapes with fertile vineyards cling to
steep hills, many splendid castles and dreamy wine villages. Every village
hosts at least one wine festival per year, with the most famous being the
Rhine in Flames series of festivals, when water, lighting and fireworks are
used to give an amazing effect.
Recognised as the birthplace of the Weimar Republic this
small city is a cultural site for Germans. It was the command post of the
country's Age of Enlightenment and home to such intellectual and creative
giants as Goethe, Bach, chiller, Liszt, Nietzsche, Kandinsky and Klee, to
name a few.
Other attractions :
North Frisian Islands