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England





EnglandEngland is a country of great contrast and diversity with incredibly diverse countryside, arresting cities and picturesque towns and villages. It is the largest and most peopled country of the United Kingdom. Housing an unrivalled legacy in the fields of theatre, literature and architecture, England has one of the richest traditions of theatre and literature in the world.
Stately homes and fine churches and cathedrals dot the country. Because of its colonial past, England is a veritable treasure trove of masterpieces from every age and every continent.
The city is characterised by happening city life, old-fashioned customs and progressive culture, mediterranean beaches and great mountains. England's largest city, London, is also the capital of the United Kingdom is also the political, cultural and economic capital of the city. London is an exciting capital city, famed for first class culture, fascinating history and pageantry, its world-class restaurants and theatre.


Fact File
Official name : England
Government : Constitutional Monarchy
Nationality : Briton
Capital city : London
Ethnic groups : Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians
Location : Britain is in north-west Europe and is an island country. It is made up of three countries namely England, Wales and Scotland.
Continent : Europe
EnglandCurrency : British Pound (GBP); 1 GBP = 1.75128 US $ = 1.47467 Euro = 76.3407 INR (subject to change).
Population : 51 million
Languages : English, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic.
Religion : Church of England, Catholic, Methodist, Muslim, Jewish, Sikh and Hindu.
Area : 129,720 sq km
Famous for : Royal Family, long history, Castles and Historic houses, some of the most famous universities of the world like Oxford, Cambridge and London universities. England is also the birthplace of Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare and the Beatles.
Major cities : London, Bristol,Buckingham, Liverpool, Lodon, Nottingham, Manchester.
Clothing :Summers : Light cottons to light woolensWinters : heavy woolens
Major events : Oxford/Cambridge University Boat Race in late March/early April; Grand National steeplechase on first Saturday in April; the FA Cup (May); the Lawn Tennis Championships, take place at Wimbledon in late June; Henley Royal Regatta at Henley-on-Thames; and the Cowes Week yachting late July/early August, Chelsea Flower Show at London's Royal Hospital in May; the Trooping of the Colour pageantry on the Queen's birthday in London in mid-June; the bacchanalian Glastonbury Festival in June; and the riotous Caribbean carnival in late August.
Things to Buy : One can buy anything from tie to clothes to perfumes to electronic goods.
Things to do : Shopping, sightseeing
Cuisine : The staple foods of England : meat, fish, potatoes, flour, butter and eggs. Many of our dishes are based on these foods. Besides these beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable, the sandwich, chips, pies like the cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Main dishes are Bubble & Squeak, Spotted Dick and Toad-in-the-Hole. Desserts : Yorkshire Pudding and Black Pudding.

Visa Permit
Citizens of the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa do not need a visa for stays in the UK up to 6 months, but they are prohibited from working. Citizens of the European Union (EU) don't need a visa to enter the country and may live and work here freely. Rest all other foreign nationals need entry visa to enter England.


Culture
EnglandEngland has made great contributions in the fields of theatre, literature and architecture and is a treasure house of art and sculpture from every age and continent.
Perhaps England's greatest cultural export has been the English language, the current lingua franca of the international community.
The majority of English who profess religious beliefs belong to the Church of England, which became independent of Rome in the 16th century. Other significant protestant churches include Methodist, Baptist and Salvation Army. One in 10 Britons consider themselves Catholic, and there are now over a million Muslims and sizeable Hindu, Jewish and Sikh populations.

When to go
April to September are the best months, and this is the time when most sights are open, and when most people visit. However, July and August are the busiest months, and best avoided if at all possible.

Climate
Temperate, where the lowest tempratures in winters is 0 C and the maximum temperature in summers is 25 C. Most of the time it is between 10 and 20 degrees centigrade during the day.
Annual mean temperature: London 9.7 C
Annual mean rainfall: London 753mm

Getting there
By Air : London's two main airports for international flights are - Heathrow and Gatwick, although some do go direct to Manchester and Birmingham.
London's Heathrow and Gatwick are also the two main airports for transcontinental flights. All the major, and many minor, English airports are served by sveral continental European and Irish flights. One can also take a coach and/or ferry from mainland Europe, or a very swift train through the Channel Tunnel.
Heathrow airport is accessible by bus, London Underground (Piccadilly line) and the Heathrow Express.
EnglandBy Sea : One can get to England from mainland Europe via bus and ferry. The boat trip on the shortest routes (from Dover or Folkestone to Calais or Boulogne) takes about 90 minutes; the Seacat takes about 35 minutes. Ferries go to France, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and Scandinavia from a number of southern and eastern British ports; to Spain from Portsmouth; and to Ireland from a handful of western English ports
By Road : Buses are slower and less comfortable than trains. (Long-distance buses are usually called coaches in England.)

Getting around
By Air : Airlines fly domestically and provide a very comfortable but an expensive way to get around in the city.
By Road : Coaches and buses operate throughout the country. Coaches are more expensive and a little faster. Black cabs are a luxurious option - minicabs are cheaper.
By Train : Trains are the most comfortable way to get around. There are several beautiful lines running through thinly populated country, and on the main routes fast trains travel at speeds of up to 125mph.

Major attractions
London (capital city) : It is the place where the glorious past and the vibrant present blend with each other. A union of history, ground-breaking architecture and culture has created an amazing and constantly evolving city. London, the capital city of the United Kingdom is among the four most important global cities including Paris, New York and Tokyo.
This city of the Big Ben, double-decker buses, and the Tube is one of the greatest city on earth and offers some of the finest places of tourist attraction. It owns world's finest museums, historic buildings, such as the Houses of Parliament and the Tower of London, magnificent palaces, the most famous ones being Buckingham Palace and Kensington Palace. London produces 17% of the UK's GDP and the City of London is one of the world's major financial centres. A truly international city, London is pre-eminent in culture, communications, politics, finance, and the arts.

Canterbury Cathedral : It is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England. Like most cathedrals, it evolved in stages and exhibits a number of architectural styles, but the final result is one of the world's great buildings. After the martyrdom of Archbishop Thomas à Becket in 1170, the cathedral became the centre of medieval pilgrimage in Europe that was immortalised by Geoffrey Chaucer in the Canterbury Tales. Canterbury which was painfully destroyed by bombing in WWII has been rebuilt, but it still beckons many travellers because of its enduring charm.

Durham : Durham, the most splendid cathedral in the city is surrounded on three sides by the River Wear and is dominated by the massive Norman cathedral which is built on a wooded promontory. The cathedral shares the dramatic top of the bluff with a Norman castle and the University College.

Lake District : The area is a mixture of luxuriant green dales, mighty mountains and umpteen lakes. One cango for hiking on the hills or cover the area on foot to enjoy the marvel of nature in the surroundings.




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